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Passenger Drone Year in Review: How Far We’ve Come, and How Far We Still Have to Go

As we approach the end of 2017 we wanted to take a look at one of the more futuristic ideas in the drone industry to have made headway this year: the passenger drone.

Self driving cars seem to be edging their way toward real viability, and we no longer think they sound crazy when people bring them up. And if the news cycle is any indicator, it seems like drone taxis are also starting to gain some real traction, both in terms of viability and in terms of capturing our imagination as a thing that could actually happen.

We’ve seen several stories about passenger drones in the news over the last several months, all of which indicate that progress is being made. That being said, the coverage has the same feel to it that news about drone deliveries once did—lots of hype, without a whole lot of action.

What follows is a look at the companies that are working to make passenger drones a reality, some thoughts on how likely it is that they’ll actually pull it off, and information on the places where these futuristic crafts might actually be flown.

The Biggest Passenger Drone Companies

Ehang

Toward the end of last month Ehang was in the news again for its E-184 drone. The current model can only carry one passenger in its small cockpit, but the company now says it’s working on a model that will carry two people. Ehang’s Chief Executive Officer Hu Huazhi says that, pending official approval from regulators there, they plan to be flying in Dubai in 2018.

Will it happen?

It’s hard to believe Ehang’s timeline at this point, since they originally claimed they were going to roll out drone taxies in Dubai by July of 2017. Given their track record, we don’t have a lot of confidence that we’ll actually be seeing Ehang’s drone taxis flying over Dubai—or elsewhere—any time soon.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2rNWbpOsOvI

Uber

Uber was also in the news last month for their passenger drone program, called Uber Elevate, which they’re now developing in partnership with NASA.

Uber’s proposed design would have passenger drones that take off and land vertically (called VTOLs), making them optimal for flight in dense urban areas.

uber-taxi-drone

Will it happen?

Uber hosted a three day “flying car” event back in April focused on vertical take-off and landing aircraft (this is where the acronym VTOL comes from), and they’ve been working with officials in Los Angeles, Dallas-Fort Worth, and Dubai to push their taxi drone project forward. They’ve also reportedly been working with real estate firms in these cities to identify possible locations for take-off and landing pads (called “vertiports” by Uber).

Unlike Ehang, which claims they’ll be flying by next year, Uber provides a more conservative timeline and says that they plan to be operational by 2020. Given all the logistical thought they’re giving the effort, and their modest timeline, it does seem possible that Uber may actually pull this off.

Check out Uber’s white paper on on-demand urban air transportation.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JuWOUEFB_IQ

AirBus

AirBus was in the news a few months back for its announcement that it would have its electric drone taxi in the air next year. According to CityAirbus chief engineer Marius Bebesel, they’ve conducted successful ground tests of the electric power system used to propel the vehicle through the air, and they’ll be ready to fly in 2018.

However, being able to fly and being ready for daily operations are two completely different things. Although AirBus may soon have a taxi drone in the air, we don’t expect to be riding in one any time soon.

Will it happen?

As you can see in the infographic below, AirBus has laid out a fairly detailed timeline for getting their passenger drone program up and running. From what we know, AirBus has hit the milestones on their timeline up to this point. If they continue delivering at this pace it seems like they could actually be operational by, or even before, 2023.

airbus-passenger-drone

Places Where We Might See Passenger Drones in the Air First

Of course, even if these companies develop the technology needed to make drone taxies a reality, the question still remains: Where will they be able to fly them?

Below is a list of places that have expressed interest in hosting passenger drones, largely because they see them as a possible solution to their congested roadways.

Let’s take a look.

United States

Los Angeles

Partnering with the city of L.A. to help it make a bid for the 2020 Olympics, Uber has claimed that their vertical taxi drones could be operational in time to transport all of the people the international games would bring in. Notorious throughout the world for its traffic delays, this solution would certainly help L.A. in their bid—if the Olympics committee believes it to be viable, of course.

According to Uber’s own analysis, a 200-mph all electric ride across Los Angeles would be “price competitive” to an UberX ride of the same distance.

Here’s an example of a sample UberAir route in Los Angeles:

Uber-Elevate-sample-route-LAX-Staples-Centre-Lg-1200x675

Nevada

Back in June of 2016 Nevada’s GOED (Governor’s Office of Economic Development) announced a partnership with the Nevada Institute for Autonomous Systems and Ehang to “help guide Ehang through the FAA regulatory process with the ultimate goal of achieving safe flight,” so that Ehang could begin testing passenger drones in the state.

But after that announcement things have been relatively quiet on the taxi drone front in Nevada. We wonder if the lack of news has to do with Ehang falling short on deadlines in production—the delays we’ve seen in rolling things out in Dubai would certainly back up this theory.

If Ehang can’t come through, Uber and AirBus may jump in to fill in the gap—if they’re interested. Given that the attraction of Nevada for airspace research is its wide open spaces, big companies looking to drive fast adoption may simply not be interested in operating there when they could potentially make more money in dense cities like L.A., Dallas, or Dubai.

Dallas-Fort Worth

Uber has reportedly been working with real estate firm Hilwood Properties in the Dallas-Fort Worth area to identify sites where it can build takeoff and landing pads for its passenger drones.

Uber has also been talking to city officials for months about the possible rollout, as well as with representatives from the DFW International Airport, the Fort Worth Alliance Airport, and Dallas Love Field.

Dallas has a fantastic history with aviation. It’s a very aviation-friendly and forward-thinking city.

– Mark Moore, Uber Engineering Director of Vehicle Systems

United Arab Emirates

Dubai

Ever since announcing its plans back in February to launch passenger drones by July of 2017, Dubai has been the poster child for the passenger drone movement.

Dubai is already a futuristic city, with its man-made palm-shaped islands and the tallest building in the world—taxi drones seem like a natural fit, and would also be a feather in their collective cap when it comes to maintaining their position as one of the most innovative cities in the world.

The original partner for Dubai’s taxi drone program was Ehang, but now Uber is also mentioning possible flights in Dubai. It seems like taxi drones will definitely come to Dubai, but it’s still an open question about who will bring them there.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qArZGwtRINg

Looking Forward

Wherever passenger drones are rolled out, and whichever company ends up getting their first, the path forward is sure to be a winding one.

What we do know is that some very serious efforts are being made to push taxi drones forward, and the emphasis in the industry seems to be shifting from if to when.

So now the question is—can you see yourself actually riding in one of these things? 🙂

The post Passenger Drone Year in Review: How Far We’ve Come, and How Far We Still Have to Go appeared first on UAV Coach.

Drone Automation for Agriculture: World’s First Crop Tended Only by Drone, and American Robotics’ Scout

Hands Free Hectare has successfully planted, tended, and harvested the world’s very first crop without a single hand ever touching the farming equipment. The effort was accomplished with the use of drones and robot-driven machinery.

The farm where the project was completed is about two and 1/2 acres in size and is located in the U.K. The yield from the effort was 4 and 1/2 tons of barley, and the total cost for the project was $250,000.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PlnGFMy2EU

The automated farm was created in a partnership between Harper Adams University in Shropshire, England, and Precision Decisions, a farming specialist company in York.

Agronomists and engineers used customized tractors and drones to cultivate the barley. For hardware, the team used commercially available agricultural technology coupled with open-source software used in hobbyist drones—the drone software was modified to work with all of the machinery employed, not just the drones.

Tractors and harvesters were fitted with robotic arms controlled by drone software. At first the machines were controlled remotely, and then they were made autonomous, ultimately running without any direct human attention. Using GPS, the machines were able to navigate to specific locations in the farm and perform pre-programmed actions there, like planting seeds or watering.

Hands Free Hectare says the project is not about putting farmers out of work but instead about modernizing their efforts. As they imagine the future, a farmer will oversee a fleet of robots, all performing tasks that previously required intense manual labor by people.

How Were Drones Used in the Hands Free Project?

Drones have been used in agriculture for a while now, but this project was the first time where drones were part of a fully autonomous operation.

So how did they do it?

Drones helped tend the crops at the Hands Free Hectare farm in part by using multispectral imagery to identify where the barley was first starting to emerge from the soil.

Drones with multispectral sensors took aerial images of the field, while smaller machines at crop level took samples to assess what fertilizers to apply, and where. Live camera feeds were used to detect invasive weeds or disease.

hands-free-hectare

Pictured above is what the Hands Free Hectare team calls the “drone barley snatch.” This device uses a kind of clamshell dangling down from the drone to collect barley in order to find out if the crop is ready for harvesting.

 

Drone software was used to automate all of the farm machinery, but this did come with some complications. It turned out that the autopilot in the drone systems used wasn’t designed to travel in a completely straight line, but simply to get the drone from point A to point B in the most efficient manner.

This meant that if the software hit a rock while operating a tractor, it would navigate around it instead of plowing straight through it, which would lead to squiggly rows of crops instead of straight ones.

To fix this problem, engineers had to adjust the code to produce straighter steering, regardless of the terrain.

We believe that in the future farmers will manage fleets of smaller, autonomous vehicles.

– Jonathan Gill, Researcher at Harper Adams University

American Robotics’ Scout

Right on the heels of Hands Free Hectare’s announcement about the first world’s first autonomous crop of barley, American Robotics has launched their ag drone, appropriately called Scout (appropriate since it’s built to scout crops for signs of stress or other potential problems).

Scout is built for automating farm work. It can’t tend crops, like the custom octocopters used by Hands Free Hectare, but it can help a farmer collect all of the data needed to get the maximum yield from their fields.

Full-automation is a key ingredient in the future of precision farming, and we’re eager and excited to finally deliver this capability to our customers.

– Reese Mozer, Co-Founder and CEO of American Robotics

The new American Robotics drone is a self-charging, self-managing system capable of autonomously carrying out daily scouting missions.

https://vimeo.com/242310566

According to American Robotics, traditional scouting techniques on farms don’t adequately detect crop stress, and this leads to huge amounts of lost crops that could otherwise be saved.

What’s their proposed solution? Drone scouting automation, via Scout.

Scout autonomously performs:

  • Planning
  • Launch
  • Flight
  • Imaging
  • Landing
  • Charging
  • Data Management
  • Drone Storage

You can literally just leave the drone alone and it will fly missions and deliver data back to you on a regular time table, according to your plans. Once installed within a farmer’s field it requires no manual intervention to plan, fly, or manage.

One interesting thing to note about the Hands Free Hectare project is that drone software seems to be making new kinds of automation possible for other machines, not just drones. We’ve written before about how the development of drone technology has simultaneously pushed the development of A.I. forward (this is something Intel’s CEO spoke about at InterDrone earlier this year). It’s pretty impressive to see new, creative ways that drone technology is helping push other industries forward.

When looking at this technology, it seems like the future will hold a lot less manual labor for humans—if we can get there. There is still a long ways to go from a functioning idea to a scalable, cost-effective solution adopted by the majority of people in any industry. We’ll certainly be curious to see how things develop.

The post Drone Automation for Agriculture: World’s First Crop Tended Only by Drone, and American Robotics’ Scout appeared first on UAV Coach.

Drones Used for First Time Ever by L.A. Fire Department

For the first time ever drones are being used by the Los Angeles Fire Department in their efforts to combat the tremendous wildfires that have been ravaging the city and surrounding areas.

The drones will be used mainly to perform assessments of the property damage that’s been done by the Creek Fire near Sylmar and the Skirball Fire in the Bel Air and Sepulveda Pass, both in the L.A. area.

The drone will fly over, locate hotspots, and then we’ll dispatch our firefighters to get final extinguishment in that area. We’re very, very proud of that new technology.

– Los Angeles Fire Department Chief Ralph Terrazas

Last Thursday L.A. firefighters flew drones over the Skirball fire in the first ever flights performed “in an operational environment” (as opposed to training and test environments).

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MMSJ-VfroBI

For safety reasons, the fire department will not use drones at the same time as other fire fighting aircraft.

On the same note, just a reminder that drone pilots in the area should avoid flying at all unless working directly with the authorities overseeing the firefighting effort. More on why this is so important can be found in our article on the If You Fly, We Can’t educational effort to spread awareness among drone pilots about the dangers of flying during ongoing firefighting operations.

The L.A. Fire Department’s Drone Program

The L.A. Fire Department’s drone program is headed up by Derrick Ward, a Drone Pilot Ground School alum who was recently featured in our article, From Free Flights to $250 an Hour: How Derrick Ward Built Hot Shots Aerial Photography.

We already have a group of firefighters FAA-certified to fly drones, and soon drones will be helping with structure and brush fires, and with accidents, water rescues, and a lot more. The L.A. drone program is going to be one of the biggest in the world.

– Derrick Ward, Los Angeles City Fire Department

The L.A. Fire Department provides fire prevention and firefighting for 4 million people, which is a massive responsibility. By ushering in the use of drones, L.A. will become a model for how other cities can incorporate drones into their own operations.

L.A. Fire Chief Terrazas recently explained that using drones is cost-effective, and that we can expect to see more of them in use by the department in the future. Drones eliminate the need for renting infrared camera and flying helicopters over fires, which means both savings and increased safety for firefighting personnel.


Derrick Ward flying near the Skirball fire in L.A.

Drones were originally proposed for operations in the L.A. Fire Department in late June of this year, and guidelines for their use were approved just last month, in November.

The approval came just in time. With last week’s first flight, the department is putting their drones to good use in collecting vital information to help fight the fires where they are still burning.

The post Drones Used for First Time Ever by L.A. Fire Department appeared first on UAV Coach.

Hobbyist Drone Registration Reinstated, Includes a Big Improvement on Original

A new federal law firmly establishes the FAA’s authority to require drone hobbyists to register their drones with the federal government. Any drone weighing between .55 lbs (250 grams) and up to 55 lbs. (25 kg) must now be registered with the FAA, regardless of whether it will be used for work or fun.

[Register your drone with the FAA’s sUAS Registration Service.]

The drone registration requirement is a small part of a new $700 billion defense policy bill signed into law yesterday called the National Defense Authorization Act.

hobbyist-drone-registration
Image source

Back in May a U.S. court of appeals struck down the FAA’s right to require drone hobbyists to register themselves with the FAA. Since then, hobbyist registrations have declined dramatically, and the hobbyist registration process has been in a legal limbo.

This new law firmly establishes FAA authority for requiring hobbyist drone registrations.

However, the new law also makes a big improvement on the original requirement.

Although many major news sources have been saying that the new law reinstates the drone registration requirement, the law actually improves the previous requirement, since it makes hobbyists register their drones instead of themselves as drone owners.

This might seem nit-picky, but the distinction is huge.

By requiring drone hobbyists to register their drones, and not just themselves, we’ll have more accurate data on what drones are being flown where, as well as a higher level of accountability for all drone pilots, regardless of whether they’re flying for fun or for work.

To put this into perspective, the FAA recently released all of their stats on drone registration and drone ownership. The data showed that there were approximately 107,000 drones registered for commercial work in the U.S., and 837,000 hobbyist drone owners registered.

The gap in data between commercial drones and hobbyist drone owners is staggering. Under the FAA’s previous registration requirements, almost nine tenths (or more, since we don’t know how many drones each hobbyist might have owned) of all registered drone owners in the U.S. are not actually connected through any kind official recordkeeping to the drones they fly.

This means that there’s no data on what kinds of drones those people own or where they own them. It also means that, even for hobbyists who followed the rules and registered themselves with the FAA, the accountability factor wasn’t that high since there was no way to connect a hobbyist’s drone back to the pilot.

We welcome the reinstatement of registration rules for all small unmanned aircraft. Ownership identification helps promote safe and responsible drone operation and is a key component to full integration.

– FAA Spokesperson, in a statement to TechCrunch

The new federal law doesn’t just reinstate the previous drone hobbyist registration requirement. It improves upon it significantly.

The Small UAV Coalition, which includes huge corporations like Verizon, Intel, and Walmart, has issued a statement thanking congress for “restoring FAA authority to maintain a national UAS registry for both commercial and recreational operators.”

We feel the same way. This new law will help keep the skies safer, and will be a positive tool for pushing the drone industry forward when it comes to ensuring that all drone operators are accountable for where, when, and how they fly.

The post Hobbyist Drone Registration Reinstated, Includes a Big Improvement on Original appeared first on UAV Coach.

UAV Coach Partners with PCS EdVentures to Support the Use of Drones in STEM Studies

pcs-edventures-stem-drones

Here at UAV Coach we’re proud to announce a new partnership with PCS Edventures!.com, Inc., (PCSV) a leading provider of K-12 Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) programs.

Through the partnership UAV Coach will be offering Drone Pilot Ground School, our flagship remote test prep course for the FAA’s Part 107 exam, to PCS Edventures educators and students.

Promoting a safe and positive drone community has always been a core part of our mission, and we’re happy to have found like-minded partners in UAV Coach. Through Drone Pilot Ground School, both students and educators have the opportunity to further their drone education and earn commercial certification through the FAA.

– Michelle Fisher, Director of STEM Development for PCS Edventures

drones-stem
Image source

By supporting student interests through scholarships and training programs, PCS Edventures and UAV Coach are working together to help advance STEM education and drones in the classroom. According to a recent Goldman Sachs research report, the drone industry is expected to exceed $100Bn by 2020, and currently, high school students with drone operator training and a Part 107 license are earning over $50/hour in summer jobs, indicating the extraordinary demand for these skill sets.

We’re excited to work with PCS Edventures to help bring more small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS) into the classroom. Drones are an excellent way to get students engaged and also offer a unique career opportunity in a myriad of industries.

– Alan Perlman, CEO and Founder of UAV Coach

The partnership will also help interested high school students learn more about and apply UAV Coach’s scholarship for Drone Pilot Ground School, the High School STEM Scholarship for Aspiring Commercial Drone Pilots.

Scholarship recipients get free access to Drone Pilot Ground School ($299 value) to help them prepare for the Part 107 test. The first 100 scholarship applicants who finish their studying and take the FAA Aeronautical Knowledge Test will also have their FAA test fee ($150) covered by the scholarship. There are an unlimited number of scholarships available, and students are accepted on a rolling, case-by-case basis.

There is no application deadline, but to apply you must be:

  • At least 16 years old
  • Currently enrolled in high school
  • Live in the United States

Learn more about our High School STEM Scholarship for Aspiring Commercial Drone Pilots at https://uavcoach.com/drone-stem-scholarship/

High-School-STEM-Scholarship-for-Aspiring-Commercial-Drone-Pilots

Drones in STEM

More and more, drones are being used to help students learn—and get excited about—STEM subjects in middle, high, and even elementary school (STEM stands for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics).

Across the U.S. drones have become a part of robotics classes, coding classes, and even lessons on longitude and latitude. New platforms like DroneBlocks even provide curricula materials for educators who want to use drones in the classroom.

Earlier this year the Atlantic reported on students in the Kentucky Valley Educational Cooperative participating in a competition where they designed, built, engineered, and tested their own drones.

The competition came at the end of a year-long high school class in aerospace and aviation, in which drones figured prominently as opportunities for students to learn various aspects of aerospace engineering and design.

Scenarios like this are cropping up throughout the U.S., and the combination of drones and STEM education is timely, since jobs in STEM fields have been forecasted to grow at an exponential rate over the next several years.

Drones offer an enticing entry point for STEM studies, in that students generally perceive them as cool and fun. Students who start out simply interested in flying may end up excited about STEM studies, and either pursuing a future career in a STEM field—of which there are many—or in the growing drone industry itself.

Along with jobs in STEM fields, the drone industry itself is growing, and there promise to be many new jobs on the horizon for drone pilots who hold a remote pilot license, from aerial cinematography to work in agriculture, forestry, mapping, and much more.

Watch this video to learn more about how PCS Edventures helps teachers incorporate drones into their STEM curricula:

https://vimeo.com/200233227

About PCS Edventures!

PCS Edventures!.com, Inc. (OTCPK: PCSV) is a Boise, Idaho company that designs and delivers technology-rich products and services for the K-12 market that develop 21st-century skills. PCS programs emphasize experiential learning in Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Math (STEAM) and have been deployed at over 7,000 sites in all 50 United States and 17 foreign countries. http://www.edventures.com.

About Drone Pilot Ground School

Drone Pilot Ground School is UAV Coach’s online training and test prep course for the FAA’s Part 107 commercial certification process. We have trained over 8,000 U.S. drone pilots, from solo drone operators and small teams to police and fire departments and large organizations. Over 99% of our students pass the Part 107 exam on the first try—learn more at https://www.dronepilotgroundschool.com

The post UAV Coach Partners with PCS EdVentures to Support the Use of Drones in STEM Studies appeared first on UAV Coach.

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